Herb Information

In this section, you’ll find an extensive list of herbs and their uses. The uses for most herbs are not limited to one category. Many are used for both their culinary and medicinal value, for instance, depending on the way the herb is used and the amount used. Sage blends well with poultry- what would Thanksgiving turkey dressing be without sage? I like breakfast sausage that has sage added. That same herb brewed into a tea is a way to clear stuffy sinuses and break up upper respiratory congestion.

Herbs are planted in gardens to attract insects for pollination and pest control. Some people just like to plant herbs for their ornamental value or as a habitat for various butterflies. Crafters use herbs in creative ways for their products.

The listing is by no means a comprehensive list of herbs worldwide or even available in the US. It is a list of some of the most popular and common herbs for culinary use, landscape use and common folk recipes.

Many of the herbs in the list can be found at The Herb Cottage and where I set up to sell plants. Don’t hesitate to ask me if I have a particular herb if you don’t see it. I love to grow new varieties! I do not sell plants mail order, only here at The Herb Cottage or at Markets. 

Guide to Texas Herb Growing– a primer on some of the best practices for successful herb growing in Texas and other areas along the Gulf Coast. (PDF)

I have used the following icons to indicate the common, modern uses and attributes of the listed varieties.

Key to icons:

Honey Bee
attracts bees

 

butterfly
attracts butterflies

 

hummbird
attracts hummingbirds

 

teapot
use for tea

 

spoons       has culinary uses

morterandpestle

 

has medicinal uses

 

THE HERBS

Common Name: Anise Hyssop

Botanical Name: Agastache foeniculum

anise hyssop       butterfly teapot hummbird honeybee

picture courtesy of Dave’s Garden

Attribute: Perennial

Cultural Requirements: full sun, average water, good drainage

Mature size, spacing: Ht: 24″-36″, 12″-15″ apart

Other Information
Toothed leaves, purple flowers on spikes, blooms early through late summer. Licorice flavored leaves and flowers, fresh or dried, make delicious tea

 

Common Name: Basil

Botanical Name: Ocimum basiliscum

basil_group
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

butterflyhummbird honeybeeteapot spoons

Attribute: Warm Season Annual

Cultural Requirements: Full Sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 12″-30″, 10″-12″ apart

Other Information:
Popular herb for making pesto and flavoring Italian sauces and vegetables.

 

Common NameBay, Bay leaf

Botanical Name: Laurus nobilis

bay tree
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

spoons

Attribute
Tender perennial. Evergreen. Hardy to Zone 8.

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to half day sun. Average to low water.

Mature size, Spacing
Height: up to 10′. In container culture: 5′

Other Information
Indispensible flavoring for soups, stews, chicken, sauces and more. Grow as single trunk tree or allow to grow as shrub. Does well in large container, protected from winter cold in northern areas.

Common Name: Bee Balm

Botanical Name: Monarda didyma

mondarda    butterfly teapot hummbird honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, part shade. Average to little water.

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 15″, 10″-12″ apart

Other Information
Good landscape plant. Edible blossoms in salads, leaves and blossoms use in teach Historically known as “Oswego Tea”

 

Common Name: Calendula, Pot Marigold

Botanical Name: Calendula officinalis

Calendula flowers
Colorful Calendula

spoons morterandpestle butterfly teapot hummbird honeybee

Attribute
Cool weather annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, part shade

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 24″, 10″-12″ apart

Other Information
Plant in Fall or early Spring in the South. Flowers are edible. Plant known as ‘pot marigold’ for its historical use of leaves as a ‘potherb’, especially as a Spring tonic. Blossoms rich in carotenoid for use as dye.

Common NameCatmint

Botanical Name: Nepeta faassenii

catmint
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

butterfly hummbird honeybee

 

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, part shade

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 18″-24″, 15″-18″ apart

Other Information
Forms a soft mound with soft, crinkled, gray-green leaves. Blue/purple flowers cover the plant for weeks in early summer. Needs well drained soil. Give this one plenty of room, but it’s not really invasive like common mints.

 

Common NameCatnip

Botanical Name: Nepeta cataria

Catnip plant
Catnip Plant

morterandpestlebutterfly teapot honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 24″, 12″-15″ apart

Other Information
Vigorous growing member of the mint family. Dry for cat toys and a soothing teach

 

Common NameLemon Catnip

Botanical Name: Nepeta cataria ‘citriodora’

Catnip plant
Catnip Plant

teapot morterandpestle butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 24″, 12″-15″ apart

 

Common NameChamomile

Botanical Name: Matricaria recutita

chamomile_garden    teapotmorterandpestlebutterfly honeybee

Attribute
Cool season annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to part shade, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 12″-15″, 8″ apart

Other Information
Small, daisy-like flowers in early to mid-Spring in the South. Use fresh or dried for tea. Will reseed if a few flowers left to dry on plant. Latin name means “capable of anything”.

 

Common NameChervil, Brussels Winter

Botanical Name: Anthriscus cerefolium

chervil    spoonshoneybee  butterfly

Attribute
Cool season annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun in North, part shade in South in Winter. Average water.

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 10″, 6″-8″ apart

Other Information
Known as “French parsley”. Savory flavor. Grows like parsley. Used fresh or dried in cooked dishes such as salmon, asparagus and potatoes. Can be used to make an interesting pesto.

 

Common NameChives

Botanical Name: Allium schoenoprasum

chives_hgmn    spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 12″, 6″-8″ apart

Other Information
Mild onion flavor. Grows in neat clumps that enlarge each year. Flowers best in full sun, purple flowers are also edible. Likes rich soil. Harvest by cutting whole leaf just above the ground.

 

Common NameChives, Garlic

Botanical Name: Allium tuberosum

garlic_chive2     spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to part shade, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: 12″, 6″-8″ apart

Other Information
Thin, flat leaves with a garlic flavor and edible flowers. Flowers best in full sun. Also called “Chinese leeks”.

 

Common Name: Cilantro

Botanical Name: Coriandrum sativum

cilantro_inset   spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Cool season annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to part shade, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 18″, 10″-12″ apart

Other Information
A must for Tex-Mex cooking. Seeds used as the spice coriander. This variety slower to bold in the heat.

Common NameCutting Celery 

Botanical Name: Apium graveolens

cutting celery
picture courtesy of Johnny’s Selected Seed

spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Annual, tender Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun-part shade, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Grows to 10″, 8″-10″ apart

Other Information
Celery flavor in a parsley-like plant. Use fresh in salads or add to soups, stews and sauces.

 

Common NameDill, “Boquet”

Botanical Name: Anethum graveolens

dill2    spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Cool season annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 36″, 12″ apart

Other Information
One of the most widely grown varieties of dill. Dark blue-green color which blossoms early with large seed head and good foliage for pickling.

 

Common NameDill, Fernleaf, Dwarf Dill

Botanical Name: Anethum graveolens

dill_fernleaf    spoons butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Cool season annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 18″, 10″-12″ apart

Other Information
Variety grown especially for its ferny, tasty foliage.

 

Common NameDittany of Crete, Hop Marjoram

Botanical Name: Oreganum dictamnus

dittany_of_crete_hgmn          butterfly honeybee

Attribute
Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, low water usage.

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 12″, spreads to about 15″-18″.

Other Information
Round, wooly gray leaves with sprays of tiny pink cone shaped flowers. Good for dried arrangements. Attractive hanging basket or container plant. Native to mountainous regions of Greece and Crete.

 

Common NameEpazote

Botanical Name: Chenopodium ambrosioides

epazote
picture courtesy of Wikipedia

spoons morterandpestle butterfly honeybeeteapot

 

Attribute
Reseeding annual

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to part shade, average to little water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 40″, 12″-15″ apart

Other Information
This weedy annual readily self sows. Delicious tea. Indispensible to bean dishes for authentic South of the Border flavor. Also known as “Mexican Tea”.

 

Common NameFennel, Bronze

Botanical Name: Foeniculum vulgare

bronzefennel1
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

spoons morterandpestle butterfly teapot honeybee

Attribute: Annual/Tender Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 36″, 12″ apart

Other Information
Grown for attractive dark green to bronze foliage. Fine fennel flavor. A useful and very ornamental variety.

 

Common NameFennel, sweet; leaf and seed type

Botanical Name: Foeniculum vulgare

fennelwmullein
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle spoons butterfly teapot honeybee

Attribute

Annual/Tender Perennial

Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water

Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 36″, 12″-15″ apart

Other Information This variety used for its tasty leaf and flower heads. Let the seeds dry on the plant to use for flavoring and replanting.

Common Name: Feverfew

Botanical Name: Tanacetum (Chrysanthemum) parthenium

feverfew1    morterandpestle butterfly teapot honeybee

Attribute

Perennial

Cultural Requirements
Full sun to part shade in the Southern US, average to little water

Mature size, Spacing
Ht: to 24″, 12″-15″ apart

Other Information

Light green lobed leaves form a soft mound with small yellow and white daisy-like flowers. Aromatic. Preparation of dried leaves have been used to treat migraines.

Common Name:  Jamaica, Roselle, “Red Zinger Tea” Hibiscus   

Botanical Name Hibiscus sabdariffa 

hibiscus_sabdariffa    morterandpestle spoonsteapot butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Annual, easily reseeds. Yellow flowers to 3″ across.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water.
Mature size, Spacing: grows to about 4′ X 4′. Much branching.
Other Information: Red calyx of flower is used for a tart tea, cold drink or jelly.

 

Common Name: Horehound

Botanical Name: Marrubuim vulgare

horehound      morterandpestle butterfly teapot honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, good drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″, 24″ apart
Other Information: Hardy perennial that forms a soft, branchy mound. Stems and leaves are covered with soft hairs. Historically use in cough preparations and to make Horehound Candy.

Common Name: Lavender, English Lavender, True Lavender

Botanical Name: Lavandula angustifolia

lavandula_angustifolia      morterandpestle butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial. Hardy to Zone 7
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, excellent drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″-30″, 18″-36″ apart
Other Information: Traditional variety with grayish, green leaves, very bushy plant. Medium purple flower spikes. Fragrance is warm with a hint of camphor. Does not do well in humid summer areas.

Common Name: Lavender, Fernleaf

Botanical Name: Lavandula spp.

fernleaf_lav
picture taken at The Herb Cottage

butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial. Hardy to Zone 9.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, excellent drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 30″, 15″-18″ apart
Other Information: Very diffrent form of lavender with wide, fern-like leaves. Medium green foliage with tall flower stalks topped by purple flower spikes. Flower spikes not as tall as some varieties, but very fragrant. Does extremely well in humid summer areas.

 

Common Name: Lavender, French

Botanical Name: Lavandula dentata

Lavandula_dentata1        butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial. Hardy to Zone 9.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, excellent drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″, 15″-18″ apart
Other Information: French strain of lavender with green, fringed leaves. Deep lavender flowers with a plump compres spike, topped by a tuft of large, upright, lavender-colored bracts. Does well in humid summer areas.

Common Name: Lavender, Grosso

Botanical Name: Lavendula intermedia

lavandula_grosso         butterfly hummbird honeybee morterandpestle
Attribute: Perennial to Zone 6, may need protection.
Cultural Requirements: Low water usage, full sun.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to about 2′, space about 18″ apart.
Other Information: Exceptionally resistant to sudden wilts, so very good for the humid south. Holds leaves and leaf color through winter, so a good landscaping variety. Color is lavender blue. Good lavender scent.

 

Common Name: Lavender, Spanish

Botanical Name: Lavandula stoechas

spanish_lavender

 

photo courtesy of http://www.preferredlandscapetx.com/

butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial, Hardy to Zone 7.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, excellent drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 18″-24″, 15″-18″ apart
Other Information: Mounding habit with narrow 1″ gray-green leaves with pleasant frangrance reminiscent of rosemary and lavender. Compact flower spikes look like little purple cones. Does well in humid summer areas.

Common Name: Provence Lavender

Botanical Name: Lavandula intermedia, ‘Provence’

lav_provence
picture courtesy of Missouri Botanical Garden

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee

 

Attribute: Tender Perennial, Hardy to Zone 7.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, excellent drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 18″-24″, 18″-24″ apart
Other Information: Mounding habit with narrow 1″ gray-green leaves with pleasant frangrance reminiscent of rosemary and lavender. Preferred variety for culinary use. Does fairly well in high humid summer areas.

 

Common Name: Lemon Balm

Botanical Name: Melissa officinalis

LemonBalm1     spoonsmorterandpestle butterfly teapot honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun or part shade in South, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″, 24″ apart
Other Information: Member of the mint family keeps its shape best when regularly harvested. Leaves are bright green, flowers insignificant and should be cut off unless you want to use it to attract bees and butterflies. Somewhat of a spreader. Little bit invasive.

 

Common Name: Lemon Grass

Botanical Name Cymbopogon spp.

potted_lemongrass    morterandpestle teapot spoons
Attribute: Very tender perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 48″, 36″ apart
Other Information: Clumping grass with strong lemon flavor makes a refreshing hot or iced tea. Indispensible in Thai cooking. Can be used either dried or fresh.

Common Name: Rose Lemon Grass, Palma Rosa

Botanical Name: Cymbopogon Martini

palmarosa
picture courtesy of Le’Essience

morterandpestleteapot
Attribute: Very tender perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 48″, 36″ apart
Other Information: Clumping grass with a flavor like lemon mixed with rose geranium. Makes an aromatic hot or iced tea. Can be used either dried or fresh.

 

Common Name: Marjoram, Sweet Marjoram

Botanical Name: Origanum majorana

OriganumMajorana2
picture courtesy of http://www.hear.org/starr/

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, drought tolerant, good drainage
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 18″, 18″-24″ apart
Other Information: Sweet, mild aromatic herb used in meat dishes and with tomatoes. If left to flower, it’s a great bee plant. Tea used to relieve symptoms of colds, headaches and to settle upset stomachs. Dried leaves are a fragrant ingredient in potpourri.

 

Common Name: Mexican Mint Marigold, Texas or Mexican Tarragon

Botanical Name: Tagetes lucida

Mexican Mint Marigold at The Herb Cottage
Mexican Mint Marigold at The Herb Cottage

spoonsteapotbutterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial. Root hardy to Zone 7.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Low water usage.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to about 30″.
Other Information: Often used in the southern US as a substitute for French Tarragon. Slightly anise flavor. Good in salsa, soups, with eggs and beef.

 

Common Name: Mexican Oregano

Botanical Name: Lippia graveolens

Picture courtesy of World Botanical Associates
Picture courtesy of World Botanical Associates

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute Tender: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Low water usage.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 4′ to 5′. Shrubby in form.
Other Information: Native of Mexico. Very pungent oregano flavor and aroma. Very tasty in salsa. Long lasting flavor when dried.

 

Common Name: Mexican Oregano

Botanical Name: Poliomintha longiflora

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

spoons butterfly hummbird honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Low water usage.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 3′ or so, 40″ wide. Woody shrub.
Other Information: Light pink, tubular flowers cover this shrubby plant during the warm weather. Evergreen in out Texas winters. Although not a true oregano, the narrow shiny green leaves are full of real oregano flavor. Dries well.

 

Common Name: Mints

Botanical Name: Mentha spp.

mint
Picture courtesy of Preferred Landscape TX

morterandpestle spoons teapotbutterfly  honeybee

Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, part shade, average to much water
Mature size, Spacing: Varies, see specific variety
Other Information: This large family of plants grows well almost anywhere. Tending to be invasive, they are easily kept under control by growing in containers sunk in the ground or anywhere.

Common Name: Oregano, Greek Greek Oregano

Botanical Name: Origanum hirtum

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average to low water usage.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 18″, can spread to 3′. Easy to prune to size.
Other Information: Full flavor herb for cooking. Goes well with tomato, eggplant and pepper dishes, eggs and Middle Eastern cuisine.

Common Name: Oregano, Italian

Botanical Name: Origanum x majoricum

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 18″, spread to 2′.
Other Information: Sweet flavour similar to marjoram. This is the “pizza herb”. Sterile, must be grown from cuttings.

Common Name: Patchouli

Botanical Name: Pogostemon cablin

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle butterfly honeybee

Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade, average water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″, spread to 2′.
Other Information: Patchouli is grown for its aromatic essential oil, which is extracted through steam distilling. Very pronounced aroma. The oil was much worn by the “Flower Children” of the 1960’s and 1970’s.

Common Name: Curly Parsley

Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum

Picture courtesy of Wikipedia
Picture courtesy of Wikipedia

spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Biennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, part shade, average water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 12″, 12″ apart.
Other Information: Special combination of double and triple curled variety. Holds its shape well and is tasty and productive. Grow in full sun to part shade.

Common Name: Parsley, Italian Flat Leaf Italian Parsley

Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum

Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network
Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee
Attribute: Biennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, part shade. Average water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 12″-15″, 12″-15″ apart.
Other Information: Large, flat, glossy, green leaves have a strong parsley flavor. The one chefs insist on.

Common Name: Pineapple Sage

Botanical Name: Salvia elegans

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

spoons butterfly teapot hummbird honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Good drainage. Average to high water use in very hot weather if planted in full sun.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 3′ with equal spread.
Other Information: Leaves have sweet, pineapple fragrance. Good in tea. But the real glory of this one is the bright red flowers produced in late summer into fall until frost. The hummingbirds really go for these!

Common Name: Rosemary, Hill Hardy

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis

Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange
Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybeehummbird
Attribute: Perennial, upright shrub form. Hardy to Zone 8, perhaps Zone 7 with protection.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun. Average to low water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 40″, 36″-40″ apart.
Other Information: Rosemary was chosen by the Herb Society of America as the Herb of the Year for 2000. Known as The Herb of Remembrance. Versatile flavoring for many dishes such as pork, chicken and potatoes. Ornamental bush, may be clipped to maintain shapely form. This variety was grown by noted herb grower, Tom DeBaggio and named for Madalene Hill, the noted Texas herb grower, and is said to be hardy farther north than most other varieties.

Common Name: Rosemary, Tuscan Blue

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis

Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange
Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybeehummbird
Cultural Requirements: Full sun. Average to low water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 40″, 36″-40″ apart.
Other Information: Rosemary was chosen by the Herb Society of America as the Herb of the Year for 2000. Known as The Herb of Remembrance. Versatile flavoring for many dishes such as pork, chicken and potatoes. Ornamental bush, may be clipped to maintain shapely form. Tuscan Blue is a very upright, tall variety with brilliant, deep blue flowers. Very striking

 

Common Name: Rosemary, Upright Type

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis

Picture courtesy of Preferred Landscape TX
Picture courtesy of Preferred Landscape TX

morterandpestle spoons butterfly honeybee hummbird

Cultural Requirements: Full sun. Average to low water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 40″, 36″-40″ apart.
Other Information: Rosemary was chosen by the Herb Society of America as the Herb of the Year for 2000. Known as The Herb of Remembrance. Versatile flavoring for many dishes such as pork, chicken and potatoes. Ornamental bush, may be clipped to maintain shapely form. Excellent landscape plant for hot, dry areas.

Common Name: Rosemary, Prostrate, Creeping Rosemary

Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis

rosemary
Picture courtesy of Preferred Landscape TX

morterandpestle spoons butterfly hummbird honeybee
Attribute: Perennial, low-growing prostrate form.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average to low water.
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 15″, 30″-36″ apart.
Other Information: This is a great variety for growing over a wall, in a rock garden or even in a hanging basket. The creeping type of rosemary seems to bloom more prolifically than the upright types.

Common Name: Sage, Garden Sage

Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis

Picture taken at The Herb Cottage
Picture taken at The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle spoons butterfly teapot honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to dappled light in the southern US, excellent drainage, average to low water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: to 24″, 18″-24″ apart
Other Information: Handsome, dusty green leaves. Vigouous grower, especially in areas with low humidity. In humid gulf coast South, good drainage is essential. Raised beds can be helpful. Also, plant far enough apart to assure good airflow to reduce problems such as fungal disease.

 

Common Name: Berggarten Sage, Mountain Sage

Botanical Name: Salvia officinalis

Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange
Picture courtesy of Growers Exchange

morterandpestle spoons butterfly teapot honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, excellent drainage, average to low water
Mature size, Spacing Ht: to 18″, 18″-24″ apart
Other Information: Large, roundish leaves. Very good in humid south. Large leaves make harvest easy.

 

Common Name: Salad Burnet

Botanical Name: Sanguisorba minor

saladburnet copy     spoons
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 15″-18″, 12″ apart
Other Information: Cooling cucumber flavor. Great addition to salads, tomato juice and for flavored vinegar. In South, stays green all winter, with the best flavor during cool weather.

 

Common Name: Summer Savory

Botanical Name: Satureja hortensis

Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network
Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network

spoons butterfly teapot honeybee

Attribute: Annual
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade. Average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 15″-18″, 12″ apart
Other Information: Flavor somewhat like a mix of thyme and rosemary. Mild, though. Grow as an annual and dry for later use. Excellent in herb vinegar.

Common Name: Lemon Savory

Botanical Name: Satureja biflora

savory_lemon
Potted Lemon Savory for sale at The Herb Cottage

spoons honeybee butterfly teapot
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 12″, 8″-10″ apart
Other Information: Like Summer Savory, this is a tender plant, but with a lemony flavor added to the thyme and savory flavor of Winter Savory. Great to flavor legumes, sausage, stews and meat dishes. Savory should not be eaten in excess by pregnant women.

Common Name: Winter Savory

Botanical Name: Satureja montana

winter_savory          spoons     honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 12″, 8″-10″ apart
Other Information: Perennial cousin to Summer Savory. If harvested when stems are young, the flavor is very similar to the annual Savory. Older leaves can be very strong. Savory should not be eaten in excess by pregnant women.

Common Name: Self Heal

Botanical Name: Prunella vulgaris

Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network
Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network

morterandpestle teapot butterfly honeybee

Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade in the South, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 8″-15″, 6″-8″ apart
Other Information: Sprawling, hardy plant with copper-purple color flowers on spikes in early summer. Nice ground cover for sunny pr partly shaded area.

Common Name: Sorrel

Botanical Name: Rumex acetosa

Picture courtesy of Wikipedia
Picture courtesy of Wikipedia

spoons honeybee
Attribute: Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun, average water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 8″-12″, 8″ apart
Other Information: A bright, lemon flavor for soup and sauces. Should be used sparingly in salads. Produces all year in the South; Spring through Fall in colder areas. Often found in vegetable listings rather than herbs.

Common Name: Spilanthes, Toothache Plant

Botanical Name: Spilanthes oleracea

Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network
Picture courtesy of Herbalpedia, Herb Growing and Marketing Network

morterandpestle butterfly
Attribute: Annual, may reseed.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade, average water
Mature size, Spacing Ht: 8″-12″, 6″-12″ apart
Other Information: Unusual button-like flowers in red and yellow mark this attractive, spreading herb. Known as “Toothache Plant” for its ability to numb the mouth by chewing on the leaves. In small amounts it adds a pungency to salads. Interesting and fun garden specimen.

Common Name: Thyme 

Botanical Name: Thymus spp.

From The Herb Cottage
From The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle spoons butterfly teapot honeybee
Attribute: Tender Perennial
Cultural Requirements: Full sun to part shade in the southern US, excellent drainage, low water
Mature size, Spacing: Ht: 4″-10″, 6″-10″ apart
Other Information: Savory herb used in many dishes including eggs, meat, sauces, cheese and in salads and herbal vinegars. Thyme tea makes an effective expectorant.

Common Name: Yarrow, white 

Botanical Name: Achillea millifolium

From The Herb Cottage
From The Herb Cottage

morterandpestle  teapotbutterfly honeybee
Attribute: Perennial. White flowers. Drought tolerant.
Cultural Requirements: Full sun. Low water usage.
Mature size, Spacing: Grows to about 3′. Spreading habit.
Other Information: Can be somewhat invasive, but easily kept in check by dividing plants or simply pulling unwanted plants.

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